Cannabis Rules And Regulations In Ontario

Cannabis Rules And Regulations In Ontario

With the plantation of first saplings by Louis Hebert (1575-1627), Cannabis AKA marijuana/ pot, also known by about a ton of other slang and trade name, the European settlers were the first to commercially harvest hemp/ cannabis in a region which later found its identity in present day CANADA. Marijuana as a psychoactive intoxicant was a banned substance from 1923 till the medicinal use of cannabis again became legal in 2001. The consumption and sale of recreational cannabis became legal in the year 2018 after the passing of the federal act C-45 which is most popularly known as the CANNABIS ACT 2018. The legalization of cannabis was and even today widely supported by a swathe of adults despite the contrary beliefs against its legalization mainly because: 

  • It provides better access to patients for medicinal purposes and use of marijuana.
  • It has drastically reduced the opioid related over use and overdose of other drugs
  • Boost economy by providing new jobs in the industry and generate new sources of revenue and taxes.
  • Over all better quality of life with mental and physical – lifestyle benefits.
  • The government by legalizing weed has created a whole new economy and reduced stress on law enforcement agencies and sped up the criminal justice system by leaps and bounds. The CANNABIS ACT 2018 made Canada second in the world after Uruguay to legalize cannabis. The main aim of cannabis act is to accomplish the following goals:
  • Keep cannabis out of the reach of youth.
  • Keeping profit out of the pockets of criminals.
  • Protecting public health and safety by allowing adults access to legal cannabis.

As per The CANNABIS ACT 2018 and subject to provincial or territorial restrictions, adults who are 18 years of age or older are legally able to: 

  • Possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public, where one gram of dried cannabis is equal to;
  • 5 grams of fresh cannabis
  • 15 grams of edible product
  • 70 grams of liquid product
  • 0.25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
  • 01 cannabis plant seed
  • Share up to 30 grams of legal marijuana with other adults.
  • Buy dried flower or fresh cannabis and weed / THC/ CBD/ Balanced oil from provincially licensed retailer and,
  • In provinces and territories without a regulated retail framework, individuals are able to purchase cannabis online from federally licensed producers. (as of October 17, 2019 cannabis edibles and concentrates are legal for sale).
  • Make cannabis products such as foods and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products.

Federal, provincial and territorial governments share responsibility for overseeing the system for regulating cannabis use in its territories, where provinces and territories are able to add their own measures such as: 

  • Increasing the minimum age in their jurisdiction but never lowering it
  • Lowering the possession limits per individual or person.
  • Restricting areas or zones where consumption is allowed or prohibited such as public places or vehicles etc.
  • Additional rules for home growing of cannabis without increasing its federal limit but by decreasing the number of plants beyond which the federal laws restrict

A tabular representation of the cannabis related offences and their punishments for the ease of understanding may be depicted as: 

S.NoOFFENCE TypePENALTIES Small Amount               Large Amounts
1.Possession over limitTicketsUpto 5 years in jail
2.Illegal sale and distributionTicketsUpto 14 years in jail
3.Production beyond personal cultivation limitsTicketsUpto 14 years in jail
4.Producing with organic solvents– Upto 14-year jail term – Up to 14 years’ jail term – Up to 14 years in jail – Up to 14 years in jail
5.Taking cannabis across Canadian borders
6.Giving or selling cannabis to minors ( under 18 years old)
7.Using youth to commit cannabis related offences

ONTARIO CANNABIS RULES AND REGULATIONS

The main highlights of the rules and regulations set by the provincial administration of Ontario with reference to the usage and consumption of cannabis with in its territories mandate that cannabis can only be consumed in:

  • Private residential dwellings including front porch, balcony, backyards.
  • Designated guest rooms in hotels, motels and inns.
  • Controlled areas in residential facilities, psychiatric facilities, veteran’s facilities, and residential hospices.
  • Boats and vehicles when used as temporary living spaces and not used for ferrying passengers. 

In a similar manner the legal age for consumption of cannabis in Ontario has been raised to 19 years which is higher than the federal mandate of 18 years.

The legally allowed quantity of any transaction in cannabis inside the province of Ontario is limited to a maximum quantity of 30 grams of dried cannabis or its equivalent in other forms as has been defined in the federal charter of equivalence.

The legal purchase outlets for cannabis are strictly controlled by Alcohol and Gaming commission of Ontario (AGCO) as well as Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS). If you are above 19 years of age, you can legally purchase cannabis online or from any retail cannabis store around your vicinity. On this note we recommend you to visit your nearest we store outlet. As a patron and cannabis/ Marijuana/ weed connoisseur the we store is a must visit for all cannabis/ Marijuana/ weed enthusiasts. 

The We Store, a locally owned and operated marijuana dispensary, providing the largest and well curated selection of CBD, THC, Craft strains, traditional strains, Indica, Sativa, and hybrid strains, Pre-rolls, 510 cartridges, PAX cartridges, disposable vapes, vapes, lotions, oils, capsules, concentrates like shatter, rosin, resin, hash, hash rosin, keif, gummies, baked goods, cookies, chocolates, drinks aka CBD/THC/ Cannabis infused beverages rec., products which are of the highest quality and go through strict quality testing by the OCS and Health Canada.

A summary of the rules for consumption of cannabis in Ontario are best depicted as: 

Places where consumption of cannabis is restricted:

  1. Indoor common areas in condos, apartment buildings, university/ college premises, enclosed public and work places, non-designated guest rooms in hotels, motels, and inns.
  2. At school, school grounds and all public areas within 20 meters of school or children’s playgrounds. Even in places of child care even if children are not present.
  3. Within 9 meters from entrance or exit of hospitals, or health care facilities, or their outdoor grounds, and non-controlled areas in long term care homes, etc.
  4. One can’t consume cannabis or its products in a vehicle or boat that is being driven or will be driven after consumption.
  5. Any outdoor grounds of specified Ontario government office buildings, or any sheltered outdoor area waith a roof where public or employees frequent, or are invited to (example bus shelters, et-al).
  6. On grounds of community recreational areas and within 20 meters from them, including reserved seating areas at outdoor sports and entertainment locations.

CBD and Drug Testing

CBD and Drug Testing

“A simple answer to the above question is YES – a pure strain of CBD doesn’t show up in drug tests”, but and here comes the problem which is: “almost all CBD products are laced with THC or have trace amounts of THC in them and thus none of the CBD users pass drug test.”

         Research has found that CBD doesn’t react to the immunoassay’s i.e. the antibodies that are used to detect drugs. The results of these tests depend on two factors viz. the purity of the CBD product used, & the types of antibodies used in testing the CBD products for immunoassay. 

         Generally, it takes about 5 to 30 minutes for CBD to start working after consumption and its effects last for next 3 to 4 hours, after which users usually stop feeling any effects because the CBD concentration in the blood drops and another 3 to 4 hours are needed by the body to expel any trace amounts of CBD left after its effects are nullified. The half-life of CBD is 2 to 5 days in human body (male and female both).

         Typically, companies test their employees to identify if anything they use can impair their judgement and performance while at work and hence tests are usually undertaken for presence of THC and not CBD because of the psychoactive nature of THC. The important points to note are: –

  1. Pure CBD doesn’t show up in any cannabis related drug tests.
  2. Oils generally contain a small percentage of THC in them and thus must be avoided 2-5 days prior to any drug test.
  3. Consuming any concentration of CBD above 1000 mg per day results in a false positive.
  4. One must always use CBD from reputable manufacturers who ensure that the amount of CBD and THC specified on the label matches the contents.
S.No.Type of drug testType of cannabinoid tested forTypical detection time for normal usage[i]
1.Breath analyzer testTHC2-5 hours after consumption
2.Blood testGeneral cannabis consumption Typically THC4 hours- normal use1 to 2 days – occasional heavy useUpto 25 days- daily heavy use 
3.Urine testOnly THC1 day
4.Hair testCannabinoids (THC)Up to 90 days

         Thus, to summarize the overall contents it is easier to conform that different provinces have different laws related to the recreational use of cannabis which draw their strengths and basic characters from the federal CANNABIS ACT of 2018, from which the state and province of Ontario has its own rules regarding the safe use, sale and consumption of cannabis as has been described in brief above. 

         CBD as a derivative of marijuana is one of the very few compounds derived from cannabis which has all the wellbeing related benefits of cannabis excluding the psychoactive effects of THC. CBD (aka CANNABIDIOL) in its pure state easily passes the drug test without any complications. Any CBD oil which contains trace/ minor amounts of THC will show a positive result on drug testing and any person using a mixture of THC and CBD will fail a drug test.

                  For the beat quality and standard of cannabis products please visit your nearest we store outlet or a visit to THE WE STORE website is a must for all your bong related needs and queries. With a community and value driven approach The We store is the best pot dispensary with an array of high quality Cannabis products and accessories near you (please visit to find us stand true.).


[i] The values indicated in the table are approximate and must not be considered as absolute values of time. Always consult your physician for exact values and detection times.